adhd/add israel  attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

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אינדקסמאמריםWhat is ADHDWhat is ADHD


 What is ADHD


WebMD health

1. What is ADHD?

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological brain disorder that manifests as a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development. ADHD begins in childhood, and, as has only recently been understood, can persist into adulthood as well. While some children outgrow ADHD, about 60% continue to have symptoms into adulthood. The disorder manifests differently in adults as hyperactivity tends to diminish.

2. What is the difference between ADHD and ADD?

ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) is the term used in the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) diagnositc criteria. ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) with or without hyperactivity is the older term from the DSM-IIIR.

3. Is ADHD a genetic disorder?

Research repeatedly demonstrates that ADHD runs in families. There are also indications that the type of ADHD that persists into adulthood is more highly genetic than the type that remits in childhood.

4. How is ADHD diagnosed?

The cornerstone for the adult diagnosis of ADHD is the DSM-IV-TR. Your physician diagnoses ADHD based on three components:

  1. Symptoms

  2. Adults with ADHD may tell their physician about symptoms including: lack of focus, disorganization, restlessness, difficulty finishing projects and/or losing things.

  3. Impairment

  4. An adult with ADHD may have difficulties at work, at home and in their personal relationships.

  5. History

  6. Adults with ADHD must have had their first symptoms prior to age 7 and these symptoms must have continued to cause impairment on a regular basis since then.

    5. How many people have ADHD?

    It is believed that the prevalence rate for ADHD is approximately 3%-7% of school-age children, and 4% of adults.

    6. Who is treating the adult ADHD population today?

    In the US, about 13 % of the adult population with ADHD are treated with medication. Psychiatrists write about 50% of prescriptions while Primary Care Physicians prescribe about 20-30%.

    7. What are the symptoms of ADHD and how do I recognize if I might have the disorder? Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects an individual's ability to maintain attention, and control behavior and impulses. Symptoms vary across age groups, with more hyperactivity-impulsivity in younger individuals and a progression to more inattentive symptoms in adulthood.

    Examples of symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity include:

  7. Restlessness or feelings of restlessness

  8. Talking excessively

  9. Difficulty sitting still

  10. Frequently interrupting others

    Examples of symptoms of inattention include:

  11. Failing to pay attention to details

  12. Avoidance of tasks that require concentration

  13. Losing or misplacing things

  14. Inability to concentrate

  15. Being easily distracted.

    ADHD is diagnosed after careful clinical evaluation. If you have experienced any of these symptoms, you should discuss them with your physician. For a complete list of ADHD symptoms see DSM-IV-TR guidelines.

    8. Do all people have the same symptoms? Why is it so difficult to diagnose?

    ADHD is a very complex condition. The symptoms of ADHD may look different depending on the person experiencing them. The expression of the illness tends to change over time, with the symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity decreasing with age. The symptoms of inattention often persist. Individuals with hyperactivity as a predominant feature are more likely to be referred for treatment than are people with primarily symptoms of inattention, which leads to under-recognition of the disorder.

    ADHD often co-exists with other conditions, making it difficult to distinguish. Many patients with ADHD also have other conditions, such as depression, anxiety, conduct disorders, and oppositional defiant disorder. Some symptoms may overlap with other medical conditions. If you have experienced symptoms of ADHD, you should discuss them with your physician.

    Some common symptoms associated with ADHD include:

  16. Restlessness or feelings of restlessness

  17. Talking excessively

  18. Difficulty sitting still

  19. Frequently interrupting others

  20. Failing to pay attention to details

  21. Avoidance of tasks that require concentration

  22. Losing or misplacing things

  23. Inability to concentrate

  24. Being easily distracted.

9. Is there a cure for ADHD?

Like other chronic disorders, ADHD is not curable. Some patients have a remission of the disease, and may lead productive adolescent and adult lives. However, approximately 60% of children with ADHD will carry their symptoms into adulthood.

ADHD is treatable. Fortunately, research is progressing on many fronts, making the outlook for people with ADHD much more positive. Progress has been made toward better understanding this illness and its treatment, and scientists are using many approaches to learn more about what causes ADHD. While no single therapy has been devised that "cures" ADHD, many people with ADHD are able to lead more satisfying lives.

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WebMD


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